↳Anonymous requested: Spartacus & Gannicus (Spartacus) + Summer Colours
→ Poppea’s Villa, Oplontis/Torre Annunziata, Italy
The so-called Villa Poppaea is an ancient Roman seaside villa (villa maritima) situated between Naples and Sorrento, in southern Italy. It is also referred to as the Villa Oplontis, or more precisely as Villa A by modern archaeologists. The villa itself is a large structure situated in the ancient Roman town of Oplontis (the modern Torre Annunziata), about ten meters below the modern ground level. Evidence suggests that it was owned by the Emperor Nero, and believed to have been used by his second and rather notorious wife, Poppaea Sabina, as her main residence when she was not in Rome. [x]
'Crumbling' - Athens, Greece
In 1911, archaeologists dug up strings of iron beads at the Gerzeh cemetery, about 43 miles south of Cairo. The Gerzeh bead is the earliest discovered use of iron by the Egyptians, dating back from 3350 to 3600 BC. The bead was originally thought to be from a meteorite based on its composition of nickel-rich iron, but scientists challenged this theory back in the 1980s. However, the latest research places this theory back on top.
The scientists used a combination of electron microscope and X-ray CT scanner analyses to demonstrate that the nickel-rich chemical composition of the bead confirms its meteorite origins.
Philip Withers, a professor of materials science at University of Manchester, said meteorites have a unique microstructural and chemical fingerprint because they cooled incredibly slowly as they traveled through space. He said it was interesting to find that fingerprint in the Gerzeh bead.
“This research highlights the application of modern technology to ancient materials not only to understand meteorites better but also to help us understand what ancient cultures considered these materials to be and the importance they placed upon them,” said Open University Project Officer Diane Johnson, who led the study.
Read more here
You shall always be remembered
in the hearts of all who yearn for freedom.
(thanks to chelidon for Greek help)
Statue of Aphrodite, circa early 1st.century AD, Roman Imperial
Marble, 203,2 cm
After a Greek original of circa 430-420 BC., the goddess standing in a majestic and graceful attitude, and wearing high-soled sandals, long diaphanous chiton leaving her right shoulder bare, and long cloak falling from her left shoulder in deeply pleated folds, her oval face with parted lips and large wide-set eyes, the wavy hair parted in the center, bound in a broad braided diadem, and flowing in a long tapering tress down the nape of neck; restored in marble: part of proper right earlobe, tip of nose, both forearms with attributes, small parts of drapery, and other minor areas.
Excavation: The lost Egyptian city of Heracleion.
The arch of Septimus Severus at the roman ruins of Leptis Magna, Libya (by Krefey).
Library of Celsus in Ephesus, Turkey (by lizochka_65).
Tetrapylon gate in the ancient ruined city of Aphrodisias, Turkey (by colinmillerphoto).